Mohenjo-Daro and The Indus Civilization
Edited By : John Marshall
Publisher : Culture department , Government of Sindh
The Archaeological site of Mohenjo-Daro, the Metropolitan City of the Great Indus Civilization, is situated about 450 kms north of karachi. The civilization flourished 2500-1800 B.C. It is culturally as important as that of Mesopotamian and Egyptian Civilization.
The people of this civilization were highly advanced and their social, cultural, economic and religious conditions are reflected, inter-alia, from their town planning. Although they were mainly agriculturists, but they maintained trade relations, especially, with Gulf countries and Iraq because of their easy access to Arabian Sea via River Indus (Sindh).
The Architecture of the town is plain and utilitarian with straight streets and covered drains. Cultural continuity is manifested in the make, and still in use, of the artifacts, similar to those unearthed from the excavations. Besides dexterous craftsmanship and artistic adroit, they had their well-developed scripts. Acknowledging its outstanding universal value, UNESCO inscribed the ruins of Mohenjo-Daro on the world heritage list in 1980.